Registration Exam

About the Exam

The Canadian Midwifery Regulators Council is responsible for setting and upholding the Canadian midwifery model of care and standards of practice. CMRC administers the national Canadian Midwifery Registration Examination twice a year. Our aim is to ensure registered midwives are competent and safe practitioners who provide a consistent standard of high quality care across Canada.

The Canadian Midwifery Registration Exam is a national written examination designed to assess midwifery registration applicants to ensure that they meet the competency standards set out in the Canadian Competencies for Midwives.

Examination Sites

The following cities have offered CMRE sittings in the past: Vancouver, Edmonton, Calgary, Kugluktuk, Saskatoon, Winnipeg, Halifax, Toronto, Sudbury. The provincial/territorial regulatory authority selects the host cities, and these can change.

Examination Format

The examination consists of case-based and independent multiple choice questions totalling between 210-230 questions.
Exam questions come from the CMRE exam databank according to the CMRE Blueprint and its content is based on the Canadian Competencies for Registered Midwives.

The percentage of questions on the exam from each competency is noted below.

  • General Competencies 5-10%
  • Education and Counselling 5-10%
  • Antepartum 25-30%
  • Intrapartum 25-30%
  • Postpartum – Maternal 10-15%
  • Postpartum – Newborn 10-15%
  • Well-Woman Care 1-5%
  • Professional & Legal 1-3%
  • Professional Development 1-3%

In order to represent the range of care a Canadian midwife is expected to provide, slightly more than half of the questions will be set in an out-of-hospital setting with the remainder in a hospital setting. Slightly more than half of the questions will represent normal midwifery situations and the remainder, abnormal situations.


The examination is available in either English or French. Candidates can also have access to the exam in both languages. Candidates wishing to write the CMRE in French should indicate this on the registration form, as the default language is English. 

Examination Pass Score

The passing score for the CMRE is developed through a standard setting process that ensures that the pass mark accurately reflects the acceptable level of midwifery proficiency in Canada. Examination forms are validated and subject to a statistical check of reliability. The CMRE uses an item writing and standard setting procedure that promotes comparability and fairness across candidates, test forms and yearly administrations. Therefore, the specific passing score may change slightly from one sitting to the next.

Examination Results

Examinations are scored using automated scoring and checked through hand scoring. Examination score reports (Pass or Fail) are mailed by the provincial regulatory authority within 5-6 weeks of the exam date. 

Examination Re-Takes

Candidates are eligible to take the exam multiple times. After three (3) sittings, candidates must provide evidence of additional relevant education to the CMRE at the time of registration. All re-write fees are the same as initial fees. 

Eligibility for the Exam

Please contact for more information on eligibility for the Canadian Midwifery Registration Exam (CMRE).

Registration for the Exam

The first step towards becoming a registered midwife is to complete and submit the CMRE Registration Form, available from provincial and territorial midwifery regulatory authorities and from Canadian baccalaureate Midwifery Education Programs. 

  1. Complete the CMRE Registration Form for the province or territory to which you are applying.
  2. Submit the registration form along with a recent passport size photo and fee to the midwifery regulatory authority in the province to which you are applying. Forms AND payment must be received by the exam registration deadline. (Check with your local regulatory authority for acceptable payment methods.)
  3. Additional information, including the location of the exam, will be sent to you after your registration has been processed.


Preparation and Study Tools for the Exam

Study Tips

  1. The goal of the CMRE is to ensure that you are competent in all aspects of midwifery as outlined in the Canadian Competencies for Midwives. In order to best understand what is covered on the exam, you should read that document closely.
  2. The CMRE Blueprint describes the structure of the exam, including how many questions cover each general topic area. Ensure that you read this closely and understand what is being covered and the standards used (for example, for measurements).
  3. If you are not familiar with multiple-choice questions, you should look for opportunities to practise taking exams in that format. The Ontario Exam Prep Guide listed in the Resources document includes practice exams related specifically to Canadian midwifery.

Question Content

Each question is designed to test a specific entry-level competency from the Canadian Competencies for Midwives. Questions are developed by teams of experienced Canadian midwives with reference to at least two valid, current reference books from the list provided on this site.

Multiple Choice Questions

The questions on this exam are in a multiple choice format. All questions have a stem and four possible answers. For example:

Iron absorption is inhibited by:

  1. orange juice
  2. wholegrain bread
  3. coffee
  4. root vegetables

Candidates should select the ONE best answer to the question presented. You will receive one point for each correct multiple choice question. (Note: If a candidate selects more than one option, no points will be rewarded for that question.)

Each question should be answered in an average of 1.4 minutes. If you spend more than that on a question, you are taking time away from other questions.  If you are unsure of an answer, leave it and go back to it later to ensure that you have time to cover all the questions you do know.

You should use your best judgment and try to answer every question as you are not penalized for wrong answers (they receive 0 points).

Answers are recorded on a multiple choice answer sheet, similar to the one below. You must completely fill in the circle with the correct answer. Please make use of the rulers provided to ensure that you record the answers on the correct lines.

Case-based Questions

Most of the questions are case-based.  This means that a case, or midwifery scenario, is presented in a sentence or paragraph followed by between three and five questions.  All of these questions relate to the information provided in the case, and candidates must read the case to fully understand each question.  A sample case is below:

  • Kiko, 32 yrs, is visiting the midwife for her first prenatal appointment in this pregnancy. She has had two previous pregnancies. The first, at 16 yrs, was a vaginal delivery at term. Four years ago, she had a baby by cesarean section for breech presentation at 36 weeks.


The exam is a total of 7 hours in length and is divided into two 3.5 hour parts. 

Some Common Errors on Midwifery Written Exams in Canada

  • Missing key words in the question, such as "most" or "not", and therefore misunderstanding what is being asked.
  • Inadequate knowledge of the scope of practice of a Canadian midwife, especially when to consult or transfer care.
  • Inadequate understanding of the principle and practice of informed-choice and inability to use appropriate phrases when counseling a client.
  • Incorrect knowledge of drug dosages.
  • Insufficient knowledge of common complications of the newborn.

SAMPLE Case-Based Multiple Choice Questions:

Susan is at home in active labour and her midwives are in attendance.

Questions 1 and 2 refer to this situation.

  1. Susan is lying on her back on her bed. One of her midwives performs an internal exam and feels a small triangular fontanel at a location of one o’clock and a suture line running diagonally from the fontanel to a location of seven o’clock. What is the position of the fetal head?
    1. Left occiput anterior
    2. Right occiput posterior
    3. Right sinciput anterior
    4. Left sinciput posterior

Correct answer is A. The triangular fontanel represents the posterior fontanel. If the posterior fontanel is at one o’clock with the sagittal suture running toward seven o’clock, the occiput is anterior and left.

  1. The baby’s head is born. On the next contraction, the head turns so that the baby is facing Susan’s right thigh. This reflects:
    1. The descent of the head past the ischial spines
    2. The rotation of the baby’s shoulders
    3. The delivery of the posterior shoulder
    4. The rotation of the baby into an occiput posterior position

Correct answer is B. The baby’s head is born by extension, after which it restitutes by rotating 45 degrees to the left or right in alignment with the shoulders. The shoulders then rotate to the anterior-posterior position in order to navigate the pelvic outlet. The head then rotates another 45 degrees to face the maternal left or right thigh.

Competency: Intrapartum IV, A, 1. the normal process of labour including the mechanisms of labour and delivery.

Suggested Study Resources for the Exam

In preparing for the Canadian Midwifery Registration Examination (CMRE), we strongly suggest that you ensure the midwifery textbooks you are using as you study are comprehensive and less than five years old. The textbooks you use should contain information that covers the full spectrum of knowledge required of the entry-level midwife as set out in the Canadian Competencies for Midwives.  Please note that we cannot suggest a single “best” text for review.

You should also consult Canadian midwifery and maternity care resources such as the Association of Ontario Midwives, Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada and the BC Reproductive Care Program Clinical Practice Guidelines. 

We also recommend that you study the Canadian policies and guidelines related to the provision of care (e.g. Consult and Transfer, Drug and Diagnostic Testing Schedules, etc.) as found in the Registrant’s Handbook for the jurisdiction where you will be applying to register. Only those requirements that are the same across all Canadian regulated jurisdictions will be tested on the CMRE, so any one of the provincial/territorial Registrant’s Handbooks can be used to study for the exam, but we suggest that you use the Handbook for the province or territory where you will be applying to register. 

Finally, we suggest that you carefully review the Association of Ontario Midwives Emergency Skills Workbook or the Regroupement les sages-femmes du Quebec's Formation en urgences obstetricales as these workbooks reflect the generally accepted standard for emergency care for Canadian midwives.


Practice Exam (PESA)

The Midwifery Pre Exam Self Assessment (PESA) is a set of sample exam questions that form a short self-administered online test. All questions are in the style of the questions found on the Canadian Midwifery Registration Examination (CMRE). Some of the questions have been used in previous versions of the CMRE. Like the CMRE, the PESA is available in English and in French.

The PESA allows users to obtain some direct experience with questions that mimic the format, style, language level, and difficulty level of questions on the CMRE. The specific set of questions has been chosen to also demonstrate the range of content and types of questions found on the CMRE. Finally, by taking the time-limited PESA Version A, users can also experience the approximate pace of the CMRE.

Important Note: The PESA is NOT a comprehensive study tool and it is NOT intended to replace other study techniques (e.g. reading relevant texts, study groups, etc.)

Is it exactly the same as the CMRE?

Not exactly. Firstly, the PESA is online and the CMRE is a paper-based exam. Second, the PESA contains only about 1/3 of the number of questions. Although some questions were previously used on the CMRE, none will be included in future versions of the CMRE.

However, the PESA does include questions that are similar to those you will find on the CMRE and it is designed to enable candidates to experience the type of entry-level multiple choice questions that are on the CMRE, including the proportion of questions from each competency area and the appropriate balance of different midwifery care scenarios such as hospital/out-of-hospital settings and normal/abnormal situations.

Click here for more detailed information about the PESA’s blueprint.

Who can use the PESA?

The PESA can be used by internationally educated midwives who are participating in a Canadian midwifery bridging program, by senior students of Canadian midwifery education programs, and by individuals who are eligible to take the CMRE.

Getting Started

When you are ready to start using the PESA, click on “PESA login page” below, read and agree to the Terms of Use, and then follow the instructions carefully under “Is this your first time here”. You will create a user account and you will receive an automated email. If you don’t receive the email, please contact the CMRE Administrator at

PESA login page